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The VDA 4987 message, commonly known as Advanced Shipping Notice (ASN), is a document the supplier sends to the customer to notify about an expected delivery. The file follows the VDA (German Association of the Automotive Industry or in German Verband der Automobilindustrie e. V.) standards and is used by many manufacturers in the automotive industries.
VDA 4987 messages are used to inform customers about deliveries shipped by the supplier. The information contains all relevant details referring to the shipment like material numbers. With regarded shipped quantity, ship-to addresses, plant, terms of delivery (INCOTERMS), etc. Furthermore, a VDA 4987 message contains package information describing how the shipped materials are packed.
When the VDA 4987 arrives at the customer and after acceptance, the shipment information is automatically booked into the customer’s ERP system. In the next step, the ASN information can be used to plan the future inventory usage, and when receiving the goods, the physical shipment needs to be aligned with the data from the already processed VDA 4987 message.
An ASN message uses segments and elements defined by the VDA 4987 guideline. It's worth mentioning that VDA 4987 is based on the EDIFACT DESADV D.07 standard and utilizes DESADV as a starting point for the usage of the automotive standard. EDI solutions can either be an on-premises solution or EDI Cloud Service – send, receive, or process EDI messages like VDA 4987. In automotive industries, it is required to follow the VDA 4987 standards to ensure high quality.
A typical VDA 4987 Message includes:
The supplier would typically generate a VDA 4987 message from their system when a shipment leaves towards the customer. Once the customer receiving system gets the file, it then validates the ASN message from the supplier against the VDA 4987 specifications and sends back a receipt acknowledgment (VDA 4937 – APERAK). The receipt acknowledgment confirms the reception of the VDA 4987 message. Once this file is received, the ASN message is forwarded to the ERP system, where it will show up as planned shipment.
As a VDA 4987 message is used in the manufacturing and is a follow-up message on a delivery schedule, which is commonly sent via VDA 4984 message. In this scenario, the customer first sends a delivery plan as VDA 4984, indicating what the supplier has to deliver when. On the delivery step, the supplier is creating a VDA 4987 message on this delivery schedule.
Documents exchanged between EDI trading partners follow a typical sequence of business processes. The figures below show the role of the VDA 4987 standard in a manufacturing scenario:
As the VDA 4987 is actually an EDIFACT DESADV derivate and can be seen as an automotive-specific DESADV. EDIFACT formats like DESADVs are commonly known and used in the EU and ASIA. In the NAFTA region, on the other side, the ANSI X12 856 message is used to exchange such delivery data.
Benefits exchanging shipment information via VDA 4987 for both - the customer and the supplier are:
Problems that occur when exchanging VDA 4987 messages are commonly based on wrong data referring to the shipment. Incorrect package information or reflecting the package structure incorrectly in the VDA 4987 message are errors customers typically come across. Because of that, some customers also started to introduce penalties for suppliers not sending proper VDA 4987 messages or no message at all. It raises significant effort on their side to correct or add the data. Typical issues when sending VDA 4987 messages are:
When you modernize and consolidate EDI solutions you worked with so far, you should evaluate all options for your next generation EDI solution being a part of the overall automotive supply chain. With SEEBURGER, you get on one hybrid integration platform without patchwork. Complement EDI with API and MFT at your own pace.
What is EDI?
What is AS2?
What is AS4?
What is OFTP2?
EDIFACT: The Universal Message Standard
EDI Message Standards – An Overview
What is ANSI X12?
What is an EDI Mapping?
What are EDI Benefits?
EDI Operating Models: On-Premises, iPaaS or Full Service EDI
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